Bps (bits per second) is a unit used for measuring the speed of transmission of data on a network.

## What is bits per second (bps)?

Bps is a unit used for measuring the speed of transmission of data on a network of computers – that is the amount of information sent or received in a given amount of time. A bit is a single unit of digital information, represented by either a 1 or a 0.

The total number of bits per second (bps) that can be transmitted over a network link represents the bandwidth of that link. Because most network communication takes place at thousands or millions of bits per second, the following related units are commonly used:

- Kbps = kilobits per second (10
^{3}bps) - Mbps = megabits per second (10
^{6}bps) - Gbps = gigabits per second (10
^{9}bps)

Bits per second is the standard measure of bit rate speed. However, millions of bits can be transferred in a second and measuring in single bit units can be cumbersome. To simplify data transfer rates, an International System of Units prefix is used. These include kilo, mega and giga.