Definition of Windows NT Command in Network Encyclopedia.
What is Windows NT Command?
Windows NT command is a command that can be typed at the Microsoft Windows NT command prompt, usually to perform an administrative action. You manage most Windows NT services by using GUI-based administrative tools, but some administrative tasks can also be performed at the command prompt. You can also save Windows NT commands in a text file and run them as a batch file.
Windows NT commands are grouped into several categories:
- MS-DOS configuration commands: For configuring an MS-DOS environment to run MS-DOS applications. These commands include buffers, country, device, devichigh, dos, dosonly, driveparm, echoconfig, fcbs, files, install, lastdrive, ntcmdprompt, shell, stacks, and switches.
- MS-DOS subsystem commands: For backward compatibility with MS-DOS applications. These commands include append, backup, debug, edit, edlin, exe2bin, expand, fastopen, graphics, loadfix, loadhigh, mem, nlsfunc, qbasic, setver, and share.
- Windows commands: Include commands for administering and configuring aspects of the Windows NT operating system. Some of the more commonly used Windows commands are listed in this entry’s first table.
- TCP/IP commands: Utilities associated with the TCP/IP protocol stack. These commands are listed in this entry’s second table.
- OS/2 configuration commands:For configuring the operating system environment for applications that run using the OS/2 subsystem of Windows NT. These commands include codepage, devinfo, libpath, and protshell.
- Net commands: For starting, stopping, and configuring networking services.
- Batch commands: Used only within batch files for automating system tasks. These commands include call, echo, endlocal, for, goto, if, pause, rem, setlocal, and shift.
- Filter commands: For sorting, viewing, and selecting portions of a command’s output. These commands include find, more, and sort.
- Redirection symbols: For redirecting the input or output of a command to something other than standard input or output. These symbols include >, <, >>, and |.
- Conditional processing symbols: Allow you to issue multiple commands from the same command prompt and to act based on the results of the commands’ execution. These symbols include &, &&, ||, ( ), and ^.
|assoc||Displays or modifies file extension associations|
|at||Schedules commands and programs to run on a system at a specified time and date|
|attrib||Displays or changes file attributes|
|cacls||Displays or modifies the access control lists (ACLs) of files|
|chdir (cd)||Displays the name of the current directory or changes the current directory|
|chkdsk||Displays a disk status report and corrects errors on the disk|
|cls||Clears the screen|
|cmd||Starts a new instance of the Windows NT command interpreter|
|compact||Displays and alters the compression of files or directories|
|convert||Converts file allocation table (FAT) volumes to NTFS|
|copy||Copies one or more files to another location|
|date||Displays the date or allows you to change the date|
|del (erase)||Deletes specified files|
|dir||Displays a list of a directory’s files and subdirectories|
|diskcopy||Copies a floppy disk|
|diskperf||Starts and stops system disk performance counters|
|doskey||Calls the doskey program, which recalls Windows NT commands, edits command lines, and creates macros|
|exit||Quits the command interpreter and returns to the program that started it|
|format||Formats a disk to accept Windows NT files|
|help||Provides online information about Windows NT commands|
|mkdir (md)||Creates a directory or subdirectory|
|move||Moves one or more files to a specified directory|
|ntbooks||Accesses online Windows NT manuals|
|prompt||Changes the Windows NT command prompt|
|rename (ren)||Changes the name of a file or files|
|rmdir (rd)||Deletes (removes) a directory|
|start||Opens a separate window to run a program or a command|
|time||Displays the system time or sets the computer’s internal clock|
|tree||Displays the directory structure of a path or disk|
|type||Displays the contents of a text file|
|ver||Displays the Windows NT version number|
|vol||Displays the disk volume label and serial number|
|winnt||Performs an installation or upgrade of Windows NT 4|
|winnt32||Performs an installation or upgrade of Windows NT 4|
|xcopy||Copies files and directories, including subdirectories|
|arp||Displays or modifies the IP-to-MAC-address translation tables|
|finger||Displays user information on a system running the finger service|
|ftp||Transfers files to or from a File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server|
|hostname||Prints the name of the current computer (host)|
|ipconfig||Displays current TCP/IP network configuration values|
|lpq||Obtains status of a print queue of a Line Printer Daemon (LPD) server|
|lpr||Prints a file to an LPD server|
|nbtstat||Displays protocol statistics and current NetBEUI TCP/IP (NBT) connections|
|netstat||Displays TCP/IP protocol statistics and connections|
|nslookup||Displays information from Domain Name System (DNS) name servers|
|ping||Verifies connections to a remote computer|
|rcp||Copies files to or from a system running rshd|
|rexec||Runs commands on remote computers running rexec|
|route||Displays or modifies network routing tables|
|rsh||Runs commands on remote computers running rsh|
|tftp||Transfers files to or from a system running tftp|
|tracert||Displays the route taken to a remote host on an internetwork|
Microsoft Windows 2000 commands are essentially the same as those for Windows NT, with additional commands for services specific to Windows 2000.
To see a list of all Windows NT commands and view their syntax, choose Help from the Start menu, select the Index tab, type commands , select Windows NT, and click Display.